Chow mein and lo mein are two of them. But you shouldn't confuse them when placing your order; according to PureWow, there is a difference between chow mein and lo mein. Chow mein roughly translates to “fried noodles,” while lo mein means “tossed noodles.” The preparation is the main thing differentiating the two meals. Lo mein consists of many of the same components as chow mein. Unlike chow mein, lo mein noodles are fully cooked in boiling water before they're tossed with the other parts of the recipe.