If you’re wondering what sort of discipline style might work in your home, here are some facts about how spanking can affect your child’s brain. They come from licensed psychologist Dr. Han, who spoke with Buzzfeed about her work with children and how spanking, specifically, affects them. The bottom line is that Dr. Ren sees spanking as a result of generational trauma. “This study looked at brain activation in the amygdala, which is the part of the brain responsible for emotion, especially fear and anger. If you’re looking for alternatives to spanking, Dr. Ren has a few helpful suggestions.