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Malcolm X Trivia | 135 facts about the historical figure

Malcolm X Trivia | 135 facts about the historical figure

Malcolm X was an African American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was a popular figure during the civil rights movement. He is currently one of the four figures that appear in the new film “One Night in Miami” which explores his friendship with Jim Brown, Muhammad Ali and Sam Cooke. Malcolm X was an African American Muslim minister and human rights activist He was born Malcolm Little He was born in May 19, 1925 He was killed in February 21, 1965 Malcolm X was a popular figure during the civil rights movement He is best known for his time spent as a vocal spokesman for the Nation of Islam Malcolm spent his adolescence living in a series of foster homes or with relatives after his father’s death and his mother’s hospitalization He engaged in several illicit activities Eventually, he was sentenced to 10 years in prison in 1946 for larceny and breaking and entering In prison, he joined the Nation of Islam He adopted the name Malcolm X to symbolize his unknown African ancestral surname He quickly became one of the organization’s most influential leaders after being paroled in 1952 Malcolm X then served as the public face of the organization for a dozen years He advocated for black empowerment, black supremacy, and the separation of black and white Americans He publicly criticized the mainstream civil rights movement for its emphasis on nonviolence and racial integration Malcolm X also expressed pride in some of the Nation’s social welfare achievements, namely its free drug rehabilitation program Throughout his life beginning in the 1950s, Malcolm X endured surveillance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for the Nation’s supposed links to communism In the 1960s, Malcolm X began to grow disillusioned with the Nation of Islam, as well as with its leader Elijah Muhammad He subsequently embraced Sunni Islam and the civil rights movement after completing the Hajj to Mecca He became known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz After a brief period of travel across Africa, he publicly renounced the Nation of Islam and founded the Islamic Muslim Mosque, Inc. (MMI) and the Pan-African Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) Throughout 1964, his conflict with the Nation of Islam intensified He was repeatedly sent death threats On February 21, 1965, he was assassinated in New York City Three Nation members were charged with the murder and given indeterminate life sentences Speculation about the assassination and whether it was conceived or aided by leading or additional members of the Nation, or with law enforcement agencies, have persisted for decades after the shooting He is considered a controversial figure accused of preaching racism and violence Malcolm X is also a widely celebrated figure within African-American and Muslim American communities for his pursuit of racial justice He was posthumously honored with Malcolm X Day On this day he is commemorated in various cities across the United States Hundreds of streets and schools in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor While the Audubon Ballroom, the site of his assassination, was partly redeveloped in 2005 to accommodate the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center Malcolm Little was born May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska He was the fourth of seven children of Grenada-born Louise Helen Little and Georgia-born Earl Little Earl was an outspoken Baptist lay speaker He and Louise were admirers of Pan-African activist Marcus Garvey Earl was a local leader of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Louise served as secretary and “branch reporter”, sending news of local UNIA activities to Negro World They inculcated self-reliance and black pride in their children Malcolm X later said that white violence killed four of his father’s brothers Because of Ku Klux Klan threats, Earl’s UNIA activities were said to be “spreading trouble”and the family relocated in 1926 to Milwaukee Shortly thereafter, they moved to Lansing, Michigan There, the family was frequently harassed by the Black Legion, a white racist group Earl accused of burning their family home in 1929 When Malcolm was six, his father died in what has been officially ruled a streetcar accident His mother Louise believed Earl had been murdered by the Black Legion Rumors that white racists were responsible for his father’s death were widely circulated and were very disturbing to Malcolm X as a child As an adult, he expressed conflicting beliefs on the question In 1937, a man Louise had been dating‍ ‌vanished from her life when she became pregnant with his child In late 1938 she had a nervous breakdown and was committed to Kalamazoo State Hospital The children were separated and sent to foster homes Malcolm and his siblings secured her release 24 years later Malcolm attended West Junior High School in Lansing and then Mason High School in Mason, Michigan He left high school in 1941, before graduating He excelled in junior high school but dropped out of high school after a

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