The following is an article from Uncle John’s Bathroom ReaderEverybody knows that Alcatraz (also known as “the Rock”) was a federal prison. GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIESWhen gold was discovered near San Francisco in 1848, word spread like a virus. The isolation—Alcatraz is more than a mile from San Francisco, across the frigid, frequently choppy bay—made it a lonely and boring place to live. BIGGER, BUT NOT BETTERDuring its time as a military prison, Alcatraz underwent expansion. Most inmates, though, served out their full sentences on the Rock.