Ernest Hemingway was a titan of 20th-century literature, converting his lived experiences in multiple wars into rich, stirring tales like A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls. Ernest Hemingway earned the Italian Silver Medal of Valor and a Bronze Star. Ernest Hemingway was also accused—and cleared—of war crimes. Ernest Hemingway was allegedly a KGB spy—but he wasn't very good at it. Ernest Hemingway almost died in back-to-back plane crashes.