These foxes are either part of the paraphyletic group of the South American foxes, or of the outlying group, which consists of the bat-eared fox, gray fox, and island fox. By far the most common and widespread species of fox is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) with about 47 recognized subspecies. northern English “fox” versus southern English “vox”).] Unlike a tame fox, which has learned to tolerate humans, a domesticated fox is docile toward people from birth. During his voyage on the Beagle, Charles Darwin collected a fox that today is unimaginatively called Darwin’s Fox.